Print In middle school, reading requirements ramp up in all subject areas, including history, math, and science. In English or language arts classes, students will be introduced to great works of literature, including biographies, short stories, folktales, poetry, and plays.
The next section provides discussion of various approaches to integrating active learning in a class through high-impact practices. Specific Strategies to Support High-Impact Learning in Class Direct Instruction Direct instruction is a widely used and effective instructional strategy that is strongly supported by research.
In direct instruction, the teacher models an interaction with the subject, demonstrates an approach to an issue, or shows example solutions to problems, provides opportunities for guided practice, often assigning small group work in class with an emphasis on constructive feedback, and assigns independent practice with an emphasis on mastery learning.
Direct instruction can be easily combined with other teaching methods and can be transferred to online teaching by using videos for the modeling stage and discussion groups for the guided practice stage.
It requires explicit communication of learning objectives, procedures, roles, and assessment criteria. It requires a detailed curriculum design organized around scaffolding learning toward mastery.
In direct instruction, the role of the teacher is similar to that of a coach. Siegfried Engelmann and Wesley C.
Promising Directions From Cognitive and Educational. Active Retrieval Promotes Meaningful Learning. John Hattie Paul A. Kirschner, John Sweller, and Richard E.
Clark The Interactive Lecture Lecturing can provide many benefits to learners, such as telling a motivational story, providing an orientation, giving context, or making critical connections within and across domains, but it generally does not support strong learning gains because of its high forgetting curve.
It can help students organize extensive readings, but it should not be used to simply duplicate those readings. Because learning results from what students do, lectures should be crafted so that students are intentionally active as much as is reasonable.
Additionally, there are hundreds of short classroom activities that can be easily built into a lecture. The advantage to using polling technologies is their scalability, ease of providing collective feedback on student performance, and integration with the online gradebook for uploading participation or quiz points.
Other interactive techniques involve short writing exercises, quick pairings or small group discussions, individual or collaborative problem solving, or drawing for understanding. Discussions allow students to practice applying their learning and developing their critical-thinking skills in real-time interactions with other viewpoints.
Often, the challenge for the teacher is to get students to engage in discussions as opportunities to practice reasoning skills rather than simply exchanging opinions. One tip for addressing this challenge is to create a rubric for assessing the discussion and to assign certain students to act as evaluators who provide feedback at the end of the discussion.
Students rotate into this role throughout the semester, which also benefits their development of metacognitive skills. Another tip is to differentiate between more focused and structured discussions versus more open and flexible discussions.In all cases, the Director of Writing Across the Curriculum or another writing professional will work individually with students to agree on the problems, propose solutions, and resubmit the portfolio during the next term the writer is on campus.
“The value of writing across the curriculum is that it lets the teacher know whether a student is grasping the lesson or not. You can’t write about it if you’re not getting the lesson. Writing Across the Curriculum (WAC) techniques offer some great tools towards improving our students’ writing, even for assisting them on the way of learning the .
Below is a list of 49 instructional strategies, or approaches, that have been adapted with the working Reading and writing across the curriculum Document-based questions Realia Effective questioning Reciprocal teaching Field experience, field trip, or field study A variation on the activity involves writing the letter from a different perspective (for example, a homeless mother of two, an engineer) to a public audience (such as a credit agency or school board).
For example, journal writing activities in history class, lab notebooks in science class, or writing prompts in math class are all great ways to use the WTL form of writing across the curriculum.
Writing in the Disciplines (WID).