This is especially true when the adjective is Islam Christian or Buddhist may at least sound more peaceful which is media-hyped to be synonymous with terrorism. On the other hand, the development of Islamic banking and finance now embraced even by ardent capitalist institutions such as Citibank, HSBC and ANZ banks may interest accountants to the possibility of new opportunities for the profession especially in the wake of lay offs and downsizing by the big four firms. Perhaps, the Enron affair has rekindled an interest in having a more honest profession who truly care about the public interest in addition to their pockets. Whatever the interest or curiosity, we hope accountants will find this series of articles interesting, informative, and profitable and yes we hope it may even lead to a bit of soul searching.
Those concepts that are not violating the Islamic principles will be accepted and those that are found to be in violation will be then either rejected or modified. This pragmatic approach is more feasible as an approach to develop the preliminary foundations of Islamic accounting theory.
Islamic accounting theory so far has not been properly developed by accounting and Islamic scholars.
This section has taken up the challenge towards opening up the frontier of a new discipline to be developed. The elements of financial statements are assets, liabilities, revenue incomeexpenses and equity. Recognition is to test whether the critical event concerning an element or financial transaction Islamic accounting principles taken place.
Recognition has also deals with timing as to when the event has taken place. Measurement is the amount at which the element is to be recorded. For example if you buy Recording is the procedure of double entry bookkeeping system such as debiting and crediting the relevant accounts.
Presentation is how the event or transaction is disclosed in the financial statements. Underlying assumptions are those principles, concepts or practices that enterprises assumed to apply in preparing and presenting financial statements. There are 3 basic assumptions namely: Periodicity Accrual is the basis of accounting to recognize business transactions and events.
Under the accruals basis, transactions and events are recognized when they occur and are recorded and reported in the financial statements in the period to which they relate irrespective of whether cash was received or paid. Revenue income and costs expenses are accrued as they are earned or incurred.
In the context of revenue the accounting concepts used is the realization concept. For example, if a business sold goods or provides services on credit, sales are immediately recorded and an asset receivable will be recorded even though the customer has not yet paid.
Such that of the goods or services were delivered and the invoice was sent later, the sales is deemed to have taken place during the goods or services were delivered. Expenses are recognized under accrual basis when they occur and not as money is paid.
For example, expenses that are incurred but not paid such as utility bills will be taken in as expenses of the current month of year and a liability for the expenses will be recorded even though the bills will be paid in the next month or year. Income for the year is generally matched with the expenses incurred in earning that income.
According to the accounting concept of matching, the measurement of profit where costs or expenses are set against the revenue that the expenses generated.
Going concern assumption is where the financial statements are prepared on the assumption that the business will continue for foreseeable future. The business has no intention to liquidate or reduce in size of its operations.
Based on the assumption, assets can be shown in the balance sheet at historical cost, as the entity will be in existence over the remaining life of the assets. If the business entity is no more going concern then the assets will be shown at the realizable value.
Periodicity assumption is where economic activities of a business are divided into time periods. These time periods are usually yearly.
Since the purpose of providing financial information is to enable users to make well-informed decisions, the information must possess at least 4 principal qualitative characteristics:The Principles of Islamic Accounting Definition and discussion of some accounting principles and how they are fit into Islamic framework to furnish an accounting system and procedures for Islamic Financial institutions will be considered here.
Principles of Islamic Accounting is the first and only text that covers the fundamentals of Islamic accounting in English. A comprehensive guide, this groundbreaking reference offers both insight into Islamic accounting best practices and disclosure for Shariah-compliant caninariojana.com: Nabil Baydoun.
|Islamic Accounting Principles||Background Accounting Standards for financial reporting by Islamic financial institutions have to be developed because in some cases Islamic financial institutions encounter accounting problems due to existing accounting standards such as IFRSs or local GAAP being developed based on conventional institutions, conventional product structures or practices, and may be perceived to be insufficient to account for and report Islamic financial transactions. Sharia'a compliant transactions that observe the prohibition on charging interest may not have parallels in conventional financing and therefore, there may be significant accounting implications.|
|Islamic Accounting - Definition, Principles & Comparison | AIMS Blog||And, it is hard to accept when the same idea is connected with some religious principles, such as accounting in Islam.|
|Islamic Accounting - Definition, Principles & Comparison | AIMS Blog||A comprehensive guide, this groundbreaking reference offers both insight into Islamic accounting best practices and disclosure for Shariah-compliant instruments.|
ACCOUNTING CONCEPTS AND SHARI’AH REQUIREMENTS Accounting concepts are variously referred to as principles, axioms, postulates, assumptions and rules. Accounting and Auditing Organizations of Islamic Financial Institutions (AAOIFI) has issued a Statement of Accounting Concepts to guide in the practice of accounting for Islamic financial institutions.
Islamic Accounting Systems and Practices.
developed based on Islamic principles for implementing justice to all, for equ itab le dis tribu tion o f weal th an d provi ding a ccura te. There has been pressure on Islamic banks in Saudi Arabia to improve adherence to accounting and auditing standards (Abalkhail, ).
But as yet there are no accounting or auditing standards or guidelines specifically for Islamic banking, as it is a relatively new .
Bachelor In Islamic Banking And Finance (Hons) | Asia Pacific The Bachelor in Islamic Banking and Finance (APU) is designed to provide both theories and practical applications with concentration on Islamic fundamental and Shari’ah principles in order to assist expansion in the banking in Accounting and Finance with a specialism in Forex and .