Transforming the health care system to provide safe, quality, patient-centered, accessible, and affordable care will require a comprehensive rethinking of the roles of many health care professionals, nurses chief among them. To realize this vision, nursing education must be fundamentally improved both before and after nurses receive their licenses. As part of its report, The Future of Nursing:
See Article History Nursing, profession that assumes responsibility for the continuous care of the sick, the injured, the disabled, and the dying. Nursing is also responsible for encouraging the health of individuals, families, and communities in medical and community settings.
Nurses are actively involved in health care research, management, policy deliberations, and patient advocacy. Nurses with postbaccalaureate preparation assume independent responsibility for providing primary health care and specialty services to individuals, families, and communities.
Professional nurses work both independently and in collaboration with other health care professionals such as physicians. Professional nurses supervise the work of nurses who have limited licenses, such as licensed practical nurses LPNs in the United States and enrolled nurses ENs in Australia.
Professional nurses also oversee the work of nursing assistants in various settings.
Nursing is the largest, the most diverseand one of the most respected of all the health care professions. There are more than 2. While true demographic representation remains an elusive goal, nursing does have a higher proportional representation of racial and ethnic minorities than other health care professions.
In some countries, however, men still remain significantly underrepresented. The demand for nursing remains high, and projections suggest that such demand will substantively increase. Advances in health care technology, rising expectations of people seeking care, and reorganization of health care systems require a greater number of highly educated professionals.
Demographic changes, such as large aging populations in many countries of the world, also fuel this demand. History of nursing Although the origins of nursing predate the midth century, the history of professional nursing traditionally begins with Florence Nightingale.
Nightingale, the well-educated daughter of wealthy British parents, defied social conventions and decided to become a nurse. The nursing of strangers, either in hospitals or in their homes, was not then seen as a respectable career for well-bred ladies, who, if they wished to nurse, were expected to do so only for sick family and intimate friends.
In a radical departure from these views, Nightingale believed that well-educated women, using scientific principles and informed education about healthy lifestyles, could dramatically improve the care of sick patients.
Moreover, she believed that nursing provided an ideal independent calling full of intellectual and social freedom for women, who at that time had few other career options. Newspaper stories reporting that sick and wounded Russian soldiers nursed by religious orders fared much better than British soldiers inflamed public opinion.
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Within days of their arrival, Nightingale and her nurses had reorganized the barracks hospital in accordance with 19th-century science: Within weeks death rates plummeted, and soldiers were no longer sickened by infectious diseases arising from poor sanitary conditions.
For centuries, most nursing of the sick had taken place at home and had been the responsibility of families, friends, and respected community members with reputations as effective healers. During epidemicssuch as choleratyphusand smallpoxmen took on active nursing roles.
For example, Stephen Girarda wealthy French-born banker, won the hearts of citizens of his adopted city of Philadelphia for his courageous and compassionate nursing of the victims of the yellow fever epidemic.
Stephen Girard, lithograph by A. Newsam after a portrait by B. As urbanization and industrialization spread, those without families to care for them found themselves in hospitals where the quality of nursing care varied enormously.
Some patients received excellent care. Women from religious nursing orders were particularly known for the quality of the nursing care they provided in the hospitals they established. Other hospitals depended on recovering patients or hired men and women for the nursing care of patients. Sometimes this care was excellent; other times it was deplorable, and the unreliability of hospital-based nursing care became a particular problem by the late 19th century, when changes in medical practices and treatments required competent nurses.
Hospitals established their own training schools for nurses.
In exchange for lectures and clinical instructions, students provided the hospital with two or three years of skilled free nursing care. This hospital-based educational model had significant long-term implications. It bound the education of nurses to hospitals rather than colleges, a tie that was not definitively broken until the latter half of the 20th century.
The hospital-based training model also reinforced segregation in society and in the health care system.
For instance, African American student nurses were barred from almost all American hospitals and training schools. They could seek training only in schools established by African American hospitals. Still, nurses transformed hospitals.
In addition to the skilled, compassionate care they gave to patients, they established an orderly, routine, and systemized environment within which patients healed. They administered increasingly complicated treatments and medication regimes.
They maintained the aseptic and infection-control protocols that allowed more complex and invasive surgeries to proceed. In addition, they experimented with different models of nursing interventions that humanized increasingly technical and impersonal medical procedures.Nursing is a profession within the health care sector focused on the care of individuals, families, and communities so they may attain, maintain, or recover optimal health and quality of caninariojana.com may be differentiated from other health care providers by their approach to patient care, training, and scope of caninariojana.com practice in many specialties with differing levels of prescription.
Free CE, CME, CNE, CPE, CEUs, Pharmacy CE, and Nursing CEUs for health care professionals. Seattle University College of Nursing is dedicated to preparing values-based, compassionate nursing professionals who will serve the health care needs of our community, especially the .
Nurse Education in Practice enables lecturers and practitioners to both share and disseminate evidence that demonstrates the actual practice of. The analysis suggested some significant relationships. The Spearman’s correlation coefficients of for the timeliness of system, for reliability of system, for completeness of information and for accuracy of information were significant at the p.
When traditional nursing student Maryamihan Caluma first stepped into Clinical Assistant Professor Jennifer Guay’s Nursing Care of Women and Children course, she didn’t know just how interesting maternal-newborn topics might be, or the lasting impression it would leave on her as a future nurse.