End Notes Abstract As liberality inches towards reality, those who would suppress independence of thought and of work take control of the dissemination of knowledge at all levels, buttressed, in many cases, by an abundance of money and strength of political endorsements and religion. This study looks at why this happens and what can be done about the killing of knowledge. Introduction In nearly every Third World nation, it is rare, if not nearly impossible, to find any academic standards in the fields of education:
Scrooge, an ageing miserdislikes Christmas and refuses a dinner invitation from his nephew Fred—the son of Fan, Scrooge's dead sister. He turns away two men who seek a donation from him to provide food and heating for the poor, and only grudgingly allows his overworked, underpaid clerkBob CratchitChristmas Day off with pay to conform to the social custom.
That night Scrooge is visited at home by Marley's ghost, who wanders the Earth entwined by heavy chains and money boxes forged during a lifetime of greed and selfishness.
Marley tells Scrooge that he has a single chance to avoid the same fate: Stave two[ edit ] The first spirit, the Ghost of Christmas Pasttakes Scrooge to Christmas scenes of Scrooge's boyhood, reminding him of a time when he was more innocent.
The scenes reveal Scrooge's lonely childhood at boarding schoolhis relationship with his beloved sister Fan, and a Christmas party hosted by his first employer, Mr Fezziwigwho treated him like a son. Finally, they visit a now-married Belle with her large, happy family on the Christmas Eve that Marley died.
Scrooge, upset by hearing Belle's description of the man that he has become, demands that the ghost remove him from the house. Stave three[ edit ] The second spirit, the Ghost of Christmas Presenttakes Scrooge to a joyous market with people buying the makings of Christmas dinner and to celebrations of Christmas in a miner's cottage and in a lighthouse.
Scrooge and the ghost also visit Fred's Christmas party.
A major part of this stave is taken up with Bob Cratchit's family feast and introduces his youngest son, Tiny Tima happy boy who is seriously ill.
The spirit informs Scrooge that Tiny Tim will die unless the course of events changes. Before disappearing, the spirit shows Scrooge two hideous, emaciated children named Ignorance and Want.
He tells Scrooge to beware the former above all and mocks Scrooge's concern for their welfare. Stave four[ edit ] Scrooge and Bob Cratchit celebrate Christmas in an illustration from stave five of the original edition, The silent ghost reveals scenes involving the death of a disliked man whose funeral is attended by local businessmen only on condition that lunch is provided.
His charwomanlaundress and the local undertaker steal his possessions to sell to a fence.
When he asks the spirit to show a single person who feels emotion over his death, he is only given the pleasure of a poor couple who rejoice that his death gives them more time to put their finances in order. When Scrooge asks to see tenderness connected with any death, the ghost shows him Bob Cratchit and his family mourning the death of Tiny Tim.
The ghost then allows Scrooge to see a neglected grave, with a tombstone bearing Scrooge's name. Sobbing, Scrooge pledges to change his ways.
Stave five[ edit ] Scrooge awakens on Christmas morning a changed man. He spends the afternoon with Fred's family and anonymously sends a large turkey to the Cratchit home for Christmas dinner.
The following day he gives Cratchit an increase in pay and becomes a father figure to Tiny Tim. From then on Scrooge begins to treat everyone with kindness, generosity and compassion, embodying the spirit of Christmas.Free A Christmas Carol papers, essays, and research papers.
Last updated January, - Request to use Materials Life Defines Life By Roger W Hancock. Lif e does not begin at conception. Life begins before conception. Without life there is no life.
Life is transferred through the reproductive process from living parents to the offspring. Conclusion. Tiny Tim is dead. This is pathos, Dickens uses Tim's death to make the wealthy of London be aware of the influence they had on people's lives. Dear Twitpic Community - thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years.
We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. A Christmas Carol: Top Ten Quotes, Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.
Dec 03, · NPR’s Book Concierge Our Guide To ’s Great Reads. by Nicole Cohen, David Eads, Rose Friedman, Becky Lettenberger, Petra Mayer, Beth Novey and Christina Rees – Published December 3,