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Bilingual Education And Latino Civil Rights - words Bilingual Education and Latino Civil RightsWhile the population of language minority children in the nation makes up a substantial part of the student population, and continues to grow, their educational civil rights have come under increasing scrutiny and attack over the past decade.
All students have the right to be provided access to content area knowledge.
Bilingual education, or teaching through the native language, has been an important technique for providing that right to English language learners. However, the use of this educational technique has been increasingly criticized and eroded over the past ten years.
To look at this broad issue, I will examine the history of civil rights for language minority children, the assumptions behind the attack on bilingual education, and suggest responses to safeguard the rights of language minority students.
This number has grown by over 1, since Because the overwhelming proportions of ELL students are Spanish speakers, the issue of bilingual education is largely a Latino one. There is some difference in the level of poverty among language groups. Here, again, Latinos are disproportionately represented: Poverty has many implications for educational achievement, for example, parents' educational attainment mirror income levels, and parents' educational achievement is highly linked to that of their children's.
Despite the high number of ELL students, it is difficult to know, because of lack of data to see what type of educational programs they participate in. According to Prospects, a national survey, reading and math were taught in programs using bilingual education in less than half of first and third grade classrooms serving limited English proficient students.
Offered more frequently were programs where instruction was offered only in English, or where instructional aides, not teachers, were the vehicles for native language instruction.
More is known about program availability in California than nationwide. While doubt over what makes up bilingual education also exists at the state level, it appears that less than a third of California's ELL children receive bilingual education, therefore somewhat less than nationwide.
Some of these programs use the method 'Specially Designed Academic Instruction in English', so as to make content more understandable to students.
Others offer only English language development, or a combination of the two programs. Some programs also offer informal support in the native language. This brought a concern to my head, that students without the help are stuck in a circle with no one to help.
Bilingual education is a legacy of the 'Great Society' programs of the s. During that time, in a symbol to the Latino community, which had been largely overlooked by past civil rights legislation, Congress passed the Bilingual Education Act, or Title VII of the Elementary and Secondary Act.
Title VII provided a financial reason for school districts to apply bilingual education.
While the Act seemed by many as largely symbolic because of its low level of funding, it did serve to highlight the primacy of native language instruction as a means of giving voice and access to a largely ignored community of students.
I paid attention that by supporting the use of bilingual education; Title VII defined students' educational civil rights as the right to learn content matter as well as the right to learn English.
Also, by funding only bilingual education programs, Title VII defined native language instruction as the preferred technique for limited English proficient students. Additionally, by arguing for the importance of bilingualism to national security and economic competitiveness, Title VII is the closest that the United States has come to defining a national language policy.
While California continues to have some of the strictest laws protecting educational rights for English language learners, in the last decade those laws have come under increasing attack. Critics have focused on the state's choice of bilingual education as the best technique to fulfill those rights.Thesis Constitutional Law Bilingual Education the and 90,+ more term papers written by professionals and your peers.
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Bilingual education has been a subject of national debate since the s. This essay traces the evolution of that debate from its origin in the Civil Rights Act () and the Bilingual Education Act (), which decreed that a child should be instructed in his or her native tongue for a transitional year while she or he learned English but was to .
For any one teaching about the Civil Rights Movement, Mexican American, Chicano, or Latino history, or the history of political activism, however, the series is a must see.
Bilingual Education Essay - Bilingual education was first initiated in It was a new means to educate the children who spoke a minority language. thirty-one years later the same problems exist for those children who speak a language other then English. Latino parents, students, and communities have fought for education rights and schooling opportunities through the creation of advocacy organizations, the establishment of independent private schools, by enrolling their children in Catholic schools and colleges, through litigation, walkouts, and by leveraging political and economic power for equitable or appropriate legislation. Latino Educational Equity A Web-Based Index and a Compendium of Best Practices in Latino Education in the United States iew of Latino Educational isit: There is no federal mandate for bilingual education, but civil rights laws .
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Get started now! This new method of equal education was first devised in the mid's, when the civil rights movement for African Americans was at its peak and Latino activists began launching protests. Latino's became very concerned with the negative circumstances that led to unacceptably high amounts of school dropouts among Spanish speaking /5(9).