Domestic Violence Against Women is a global issue reaching across national boundaries as well as socio-economic, cultural, racial and class distinctions.
It also includes obligatory inspections for virginity and female genital mutilation. This could be because of underage immaturity, illness, disability, or the influence of alcohol or other drugs, or due to intimidation or pressure.
For instance, in Malawi some parents arrange for an older man, often called "hyena", to have sex with their daughters as a form of initiation. In northern Ghana, for example, payment of bride price signifies a woman's requirement to bear children, and women using birth control face threats of violence and reprisals.
Marital rape is non-consensual penetration perpetrated against a spouse. It is under-reported, under-prosecuted, and legal in many countries, due in part to the belief that through marriage, a woman gives irrevocable consent for her husband to have sex with her when he wishes.
The countries which ratified the Council of Europe Convention on preventing and combating violence against women and domestic violencethe first legally binding instrument in Europe in the field of violence against women,  are bound by its provisions to ensure that non-consensual sexual acts committed against a spouse or partner are illegal.
Emotional abuse Emotional abuse or psychological abuse is a pattern of behavior that threatens, intimidates, dehumanizes or systematically undermines self-worth.
Economic abuse Economic abuse or financial abuse is a form of abuse when one intimate partner has control over the other partner's access to economic resources.
Economic abuse may involve preventing a spouse from resource acquisition, limiting what the victim may use, or by otherwise exploiting economic resources of the victim.
Abusive relations have been associated with malnutrition among both mothers and children. In India, for example, the withholding of food is a documented form of family abuse. Limitations of methodologysuch as the conflict tactics scalethat fail to capture injury, homicide, and sexual violence rates,  context e.
For example, using broader terms like family violence rather than violence against women. Straus concluded that most IPV perpetrated by women against men is not motivated by self-defense. A review from the journal Psychology of Violence found that women suffered disproportionately as a result of intimate partner violence, especially in terms of injuries, fear, and posttraumatic stress disorder.
The authors found that when partner abuse is defined broadly to include emotional abuse, any kind of hitting, and who hits first, partner abuse is relatively even. They also stated if one examines who is physically harmed and how seriously, expresses more fear, and experiences subsequent psychological problems, domestic violence is significantly gendered toward women as victims.
While it is generally outlawed in the Western worldthis is not the case in many developing countries. For instance, inthe United Arab Emirates's Supreme Court ruled that a man has the right to physically discipline his wife and children as long as he does not leave physical marks.
While in most developed countries domestic violence is considered unacceptable by most people, in many regions of the world the views are different:Domestic violence is considered as one of the most prevalent problems in the present society, specifically in the United States. The occurrence of the crime and it spreading effect caused advocacy of different groups in the society.
Domestic violence often occurs when the abuser believes that abuse is an entitlement, acceptable, justified, or unlikely to be reported. The Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, it is difficult for people to conceptualize how frequently domestic violence happens in society. Patient UK: Domestic violence.
Domestic violence often causes victims to miss days of and other domestic labor that is often critical to a family’s well-being, particularly in developing nations.  Research in Uganda revealed such as delivery complications, terminated pregnancies, and sexually-transmitted diseases, particularly if abuse occurs during.
Domestic violence - physical or emotional abuse - reaches every corner of our society. It does not respect class, race, religion, culture or wealth. and that domestic violence also occurs . Domestic Violence - Final Research Paper Alysia Rodgers PSY Statistics for the Behavioral & Social Sciences Dr.
Andrew Edelman July 10th, I. Introduction to Domestic Violence Many people in this world suffer from domestic violence. It is an evil that harms the core of the human race. - The American Dream and Domestic Violence Criminal Justice Systems Topical Analysis Paper A Course Research Paper Presented to the Criminal Justice Department in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Bachelor of Science Degree in Criminal Justice Systems Keuka College December 5, Introduction Many people have their own American.